Why does Your Type of Hashimoto's Matter?
If you have Hashimoto's then you probably understand the struggle associated with this autoimmune disease.
For those who are newly diagnosed, though, let me fill you in on some important details about Hashimoto's.
The first thing that you should know is that Hashimoto's is an autoimmune disease of your thyroid gland.
This means that your immune system is slowly and systematically destroying your own thyroid gland.
Over time, and if not treated, then this autoimmune damage can lead to the COMPLETE destruction of your thyroid gland.
The reason that so many people feel poorly when they have Hashimoto's is that it destroys one of the most important glands in your body:
So as this destruction occurs you will start to feel the symptoms of a condition known as hypothyroidism (you can sometimes feel hyperthyroid, as well, but this is less common) such as constant weight gain, crushing fatigue, debilitating pain in your joints, brain fog, confusion, irritability, depression, and so on.
But you probably at least already know some of this or you wouldn't be here.
What I want to focus on is what CAUSES Hashimoto's.
What kind of things, when you come into contact with them, trigger your immune system to become confused and start the cascade of conditions which ultimately leads to Hashimoto's thyroiditis.
While it may sound obvious that this is something you would want to know, you should know that the only people who care about the cause of your Hashimoto's are you and me.
You should NOT expect your doctor to care at all.
The reasons for this are complex but it boils down to the fact that doctors really only care about one thing:
Whether or not you need thyroid medication.
If you don't then they aren't interested in pursuing the cause of your disease.
If you do then they are only interested in managing the medication.
So it really is up to YOU to figure out what caused your condition.
And the reason we care about this is that this information helps YOU to manage your disease and potentially STOP its progression.
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8 Types of Hashimoto's Thyroiditis:
If you can find the SOURCE or CAUSE of your Hashimoto's thyroiditis then you are already well on your way to treating and managing your condition.
What most people want to know is whether or not they can IMPACT the progression of their disease.
If you ask a doctor he/she will tell you that Hashimoto's is progressive and there's really no treatment for it.
But that is not entirely true.
Autoimmune disease ALWAYS has a cause or a trigger, if you will.
And if you can spot this trigger then you may be able to either stop it (if that's possible) or at least manage it (which is ideal).
Doing so may help you get your antibodies under control and help you feel better (without the use of thyroid medication).
Below you will find 8 types/causes of Hashimoto's thyroiditis based on both my own personal experience and medical research.
As you read the information below you should try to put yourself into a category (you may fit into more than one). Doing so will help you find the right treatment.
#1. Stress-related Hashimoto’s.
You should be aware that one of the main TRIGGERS of Hashimoto's is stress (1).
This stress can take the form of virtually any cause because the effects of stress are entirely subjective.
What that means is stress from any cause, if it's sufficiently stressful to your body, can trigger Hashimoto's.
And it doesn't have to be Hashimoto's either, it can be any autoimmune disease.
Probably the most common cause of Hashimoto's that I see is stress-related.
The most common triggers include events such as divorce, death of a loved one, starting college, and physical trauma from accidents.
But you should be aware that stress-induced Hashimoto's doesn't have to come from some major event.
It can also be triggered by lots of small events and even things like pregnancy (we will talk more about this later).
The key to managing stress-induced Hashimoto's is to understand what triggered your stress so you can hopefully, if possible, eliminate that source of stress.
Now, this won't always be possible.
Imagine if you lost a loved one, it's not possible to go back in time and to fix that event.
But if your stress is caused by something like your job, your spouse, your children, etc. then it may be possible to address the CAUSE.
What if you can't address the cause?
Then your best bet is to focus on therapies that help improve your resiliency to the stressors you face.
You may not be able to eliminate them but you can make your body better able to tolerate them.
You can do this by taking certain supplements (adrenal adaptogens are very powerful at improving your stress resiliency), meditating on a daily basis, practicing mindfulness, changing your thoughts and behavior with cognitive behavior therapy, spending more time in nature, and more.
These therapies are all designed to make your body more RESILIENT to the stress that you are under (meaning you will handle it better).
But don't forget to also try to ELIMINATE the stress as well.
#2. Infection-related Hashimoto's.
Next on the list of triggers is Hashimoto's caused by certain infections.
Yes, infections can trigger autoimmune disease and this has been well established in medical research studies!
There are many types of infections that can do this but the most common include both viruses and bacterial infections.
The viral infection that gets the most attention is known as the EBV virus or Epstein-barr virus (2).
EBV is responsible for the medical condition known as "mono" or infectious mononucleosis.
Numerous studies have linked the EBV virus as a trigger to the development of Hashimoto's in CERTAIN individuals.
There's one problem, though, when it comes to EBV and Hashimoto's.
Just because you've been infected with this disease, and there's a good chance that you have considering that up to 80% of people have at some point in their life, doesn't guarantee that your condition was caused by EBV.
While EBV COULD have been a trigger (it can also make it worse) just having antibodies to EBV in your blood doesn't mean your condition was caused by EBV.
But there are ways that you can tease it apart.
One tell-tale sign that your Hashimoto's was caused by EBV is that you had a sudden onset of symptoms IMMEDIATELY after or shortly after diagnosis with EBV/mono.
The symptoms of mono are typically hard to miss so, theoretically, you should be able to pin down when you had it and when you started to experience the symptoms of Hashimoto's.
If you can't do this you still have the chance to look into your EBV titers and blood tests.
By doing this you can check to see if you have a chronic case of EBV.
EBV, once you get it, will stick around in your system and body for your entire life.
And, just like the herpes virus (3), it will come out during times of stress.
If it does this then it may lower your immune system and trigger a Hashimoto's flare-up.
You can address chronic EBV infections with suppressive therapies, medications, and even supplements.
There are also MANY other infections that can trigger Hashimoto's and some of those include things like H. pylori, influenza, CMV, and many others.
The key to managing infection-related Hashimoto's is to try and identify WHICH pathogen triggered the autoimmune process in your body and then treat that infection if it is a chronic infection (some are not and are completely taken care of by your immune system).
These therapies will help improve your immune function and help prevent further destruction of your own cells/tissues.
#3. Gut-Related Hashimoto's.
Next up is something that I refer to as gut-related Hashimoto's.
That is to say, Hashimoto's which is triggered PRIMARILY by problems in your gut.
By now many of you are probably well aware of the concept of Leaky Gut.
Leaky gut is a condition that results in damage to the INTESTINAL lining (4) of your gut which is supposed to protect you from pathogens, bacteria, and other compounds that can cause problems if ingested.
Damage to this gut lining can result in local inflammation which breaks down the integrity of this wall.
When that happens portions of food, enzymes, and even bacteria can enter into your bloodstream.
Under healthy conditions, your immune system shouldn't really come into contact with these types of things.
So when it sees them it tries to mount an attack against them.
This can result in something called molecular mimicry (5).
Some of these pathogens and compounds may look similar to your own body and tissues so when your immune system attempts to destroy them they may cross-react with your OWN tissues.
This is exactly how gut-related issues lead to Hashimoto's thyroiditis.
In addition, the MAJORITY of your immune system lives in your gut.
So damage to your gut (from unhealthy foods) not only causes damage to your gut lining but also directly damages your immune function.
This can then trigger your immune system to identify and attempt to
You will know if you have gut-related Hashimoto's as the primary cause of your autoimmune disease IF your gut issues are front and center.
Many of you out there with hypothyroidism and Hashimoto's have gut issues but these gut issues may be SECONDARY and not primary.
It's important to clean up your gut if you have issues but you REALLY need to clean up your gut if you have no other issues.
Taking probiotics is a great way to improve the bacterial composition in your gut but you may also need other therapies such as herbal antibiotics (thyme and oregano oil work well), soothing anti-inflammatory herbs, and proteins designed to heal your gut lining (things like L-Glutamine).
#4. End-stage Hashimoto's.
End-stage Hashimoto's isn't a trigger of Hashimoto's but it is still something you should be aware of if you have Hashimoto's thyroiditis.
End-stage Hashimoto's represents the final condition of this autoimmune disease and is something you want to avoid at all costs.
When you reach end-stage Hashimoto's your thyroid gland is completely atrophied and no longer functioning.
When you get to this point you will be REQUIRED to use thyroid medication for the rest of your life.
What causes end-stage Hashimoto's?
It results from basically ignoring your condition and letting it sit and smolder for decades and decades.
The reason articles like this exist is to prevent it from happening!
By the time you reach this point, there is really very little you can do to improve your condition.
But if you catch it early enough, and if you are aggressive in your treatment, then you may be able to prevent it.
In my experience, it takes about 20-30 years or so for someone to reach end-stage Hashimoto's.
There may be some of you reading this who are just unlucky in that it took several years (15 or more in some cases) to finally get your diagnosis.
If that happened to you then there are still things you can to do improve your thyroid function naturally but you probably won't be able to restore your thyroid function back to normal.
#5. Mixed Hashimoto's.
Much like end-stage Hashimoto's we have something I refer to as mixed Hashimoto's.
Mixed Hashimoto's is really a broad term used to describe people who really don't fit nicely into any of the categories that I've listed thus far.
You may have Hashimoto's, for instance, but can't pin down what actually triggered it.
You might experience gut-related symptoms but also may have had exposure to something like EBV in the past.
In this case, you really don't fit into one category but several.
Mixed Hashimoto's is often more difficult to treat than other types of Hashimoto's probably because it can be difficult to pin down the exact cause.
If you fit into this category then you will want to do your best to try and categorize yourself and focus your treatments.
#6. Environmental/EDC/Chemical Related Hashimoto's.
Another trigger of Hashimoto's is exposure to certain chemicals.
These chemicals include things like endocrine-disrupting chemicals (6) (otherwise known as EDC's) but also compounds produced by humans.
Some of the more well-known chemicals known to induce Hashimoto's include:
- Polyaromatic hydrocarbons (7) - Sourced from manmade combustion.
- Polybrominated biphenyls (8) - Found in plastics.
- Polychlorinated biphenyls (9) - Flame retardants.
These chemicals are things that you and I come into contact with on a daily basis.
Other environmental factors known to trigger Hashimoto's include:
- Iodine consumption - Yes! Even iodine can trigger Hashimoto's but really only in massive doses (megadoses) and in people who ALSO have selenium deficiency.
Aside from iodine, I do think that chemicals are an underappreciated trigger of Hashimoto's.
Even if they do not trigger Hashimoto's they can still exacerbate your existing conditions by interfering with your hormones and immune function.
Because of this I always recommend that patients with Hashimoto's take steps to DETOXIFY their bodies.
You can do this with supplements that contain things like MSM, glutathione, curcumin, and so on.
You can also do this by sweating, drinking plenty of water, and exercising regularly.
Ensuring that your liver functions properly by testing your AST and ALT is also a good idea.
#7. Inflammatory/Pregnancy-Related Hashimoto's.
Next on the list is something you may not be aware of and that is Hashimoto's related to pregnancy.
There are many women who become pregnant who go on to develop thyroid antibodies during their pregnancy.
Now, this doesn't necessarily mean that they have Hashimoto's during pregnancy because most of the time the antibodies go away after pregnancy.
But there is some population of women who do continue to have elevated antibodies even AFTER pregnancy.
Why is this?
During pregnancy, your body attempts to naturally suppress your immune function to prevent your own body from attacking your baby/child in your uterus.
This is a good thing. You don't want to have your own immune system damaging your child.
But this suppression of immune function seems to have the negative side effect of increasing your risk of autoimmune disease (10) (especially Hashimoto's).
How do you avoid this type of Hashimoto's?
The best way is to go into pregnancy in the HEALTHIEST state possible!
If you become pregnant and you aren't eating healthy, if you already suffer from fatigue or other hormone imbalances, and if you are overweight then you are asking for problems.
Do your best to get those things under control BEFORE pregnancy.
#8. Genetic related Hashimoto's.
Lastly, there is another form of Hashimoto's that we need to discuss and that is Hashimoto's caused by genetic issues!
Now, obviously, genetics plays a role in MOST people who develop this autoimmune condition but you should still be aware of how this process works.
Just because you have a family history of Hashimoto's does NOT guarantee that you will develop it in your lifetime (11).
Instead, you are either MORE or LESS likely to develop it based on certain factors in your life.
How much stress you are under, what type of chemicals you've been exposed to, where you are living, the food that you eat, how much you exercise, and so on all can either INCREASE or DECREASE your risk of developing this autoimmune disease.
For this reason, I recommend that you exercise caution and be very diligent about your lifestyle choices if you have a family history!
You can do your best to either reduce your risk or completely eliminate your risk by taking advantage of these things.
There are MANY reasons why people develop Hashimoto's and it isn't always possible to find out the exact cause of Hashimoto's in each patient.
Despite this difficulty, you should spend some time to try and figure it out.
Because it impacts your treatment and there may be things that you can do to feel better!
Finding the source also helps you find the right treatment.
Now I want to hear from you:
Are you currently suffering from Hashimoto's thyroiditis?
If so, which of the triggers listed above do you think caused your condition?
Have you tried any of the therapies listed here?
Which ones worked for you? Which didn't?
Keep the conversation going by leaving your comment below!
And, as always, you can find resources to medical journals in the "References" tab below:
References (Click to Expand)